Photo by Kira Dott
Scientific Name: Taxidea taxus
Found in the western and central United States, northern Mexico and central Canada. They range from the Great Lakes states west to Pacific Coast, and from Canadian Prairie Provinces, south to Mexican Plateau.
Prarie dogs, moles, voles, harvest mice, ground feeding birds, or squirrels.
Badgers breed once a year, producing 1-5 offspring.
Badgers live in underground burrows, called setts.
Bison (Common name: buffalo)
Scientific Name: Bison bison
Formerly inhabited the prairies of western Canada and United States. Today, found mainly in parks and reserves scattered throughout North America.
Grass and succulent vegetation. Methodical grazers, a herd can cover up to two miles a day in search of fresh grass.
Females sexually mature at 2-4 years; males, much later.Gestation:
8-9 months with a single yellow-red calf.
20 years in the wild; up to 40 years in captivity.
Both male and females have horns.
Scientific Name: Cynomys ludovicianus
Short and medium grass prairies and plateaus of the American West. Diet:
Grasses, roots, weeds, forbs and blossomsReproduction:
One litter is born to the Prairie Dog female each year. During a 4- or 5- hour estrus, a female Prairie Dog may mate with as many as 5 different males, allowing pups from the same litter to have different fathers.Life Span:
Prairie Dogs are very susceptible to bubonic plague, acquiring it from fleas infected with plague bacteria.