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Common Peafowl

Pavo cristatus

Common Peafowl
About

In the bird world, it’s common for female peafowls to have dull coloring to camouflage them from predators. On the other hand, males tend to be bright and colorful to help them attract females!

Habitat: They are native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Bhutan in open forest habitats.

Diet: Common peafowls primarily eat insects, worms, flowers, grass, small frogs, lizards, and snakes.

Family Life: Peafowls are selective when choosing their mates. Peahens (females) favor larger males who have the largest numbers of eyespots on their tails. Peahens typically begin breeding around two years old, laying between 6 to 12 eggs. The babies, peachicks, are born weighing three to four ounces.

Common Peafowl
Conservation

The common peafowl’s endangered status remains in the least concern category.

Henry Vilas Zoo Least Concern Graphic
Common Peafowl
Threats
  • The natural predators of the common peafowl belong to the large cat family. Felines like the civet, tiger, and leopard all hunt the peafowl for food. Wild dogs and jackals are also known to hunt the peafowl.
  • The common peafowl is effective at hiding from and escaping their enemies due to their elusiveness while running and hiding in shrubbery. Most large cats must surprise the peafowl when they attack.
  • The greatest enemy of the peafowl, however, is humans. Humans are responsible for destroying their natural habitat, hunting for sport, and eating them along with their eggs.
Common Peafowl
Fun Facts
  • Males (peacocks) display for females (peahens) to make babies (peachicks). They do this by shaking their tail feathers and wings to attract a female.
  • Although they’re easy on the eye, common peafowls lose their feathers every other year!
  • The peafowl is the national bird of India!
Common Peafowl
Quick Facts

CLASS: Aves (birds)
ORDER: Galliformes (ground feeding birds)
FAMILY: Phasianidae
GENUS: Pavo (pheasant)
SPECIES: Pavo cristatus (common peafowl)
LIFE SPAN: 20 years
SIZE: 8 – 9.1 feet (2.4 – 2.7 m)
WEIGHT: 8.75 – 13 pounds (3.9 – 5.9 kg)
TAIL LENGTH: 5 feet (1.5 m)

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