Seba’s Short-Tailed Bat
Seba’s short-tailed bats are one of the world’s 1,200 bat species. These tiny, half-ounce bats are insectivores and frugivores, meaning they eat insects and fruits. They live in colonies of 10 – 100 and are most active after sunset.
Habitat: They are distributed throughout Central and South America and live in moist evergreen forests.
Diet: These bats eat at least 50 species of fruit, pollen, and insects.
Family Life: Seba’s short-tailed bats roost in groups of 10 – 100 in caves, hollow trees, tunnels, and road culverts. There are two types of roosts: harems, which consist of a male with many females, and bachelor roosts, consisting of males without a harem. Females usually give birth to one baby, which clings to the female with its teeth, wings, and claws. Babies reach adult size and can fly on their own in 10 – 13 weeks.
The conservation status of the Seba’s short-tailed bat is listed as least concern currently.
- Typically found in wildlife protected areas, there are currently no major threats facing this species.
- Although this species and many others in the Phyllostomidae (leaf-nosed bats) family are not currently facing major threats, their habitats are vulnerable to potential habitat destruction and deforestation.
- Flying fruit farmers! These bats disperse seeds from fruits they eat while flying.
- The Seba’s short-tailed bat has a “nose-leaf”- a structure used to send out and interpret high-frequency sounds. The “nose-leaf” is located on a fleshy plate that surrounds the nasal passages and stands straight up behind the openings.
CLASS: Mammalia (mammals)
ORDER: Chiroptera (bats)
FAMILY: Phyllostomidae (New World leaf-nosed bats)
GENUS: Carollia (short-tailed bats)
SPECIES: Carollia perspicillata (Seba’s short-tailed bat)
LIFE SPAN: Unknown (wild) / 12.5 years (zoo)
SIZE: 1.9 – 2.75 inches (48 – 70 mm)
WEIGHT: 0.5 – 1 ounce (14 – 28 g)