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Seba’s Short-Tailed Bat

Carollia perspicillata

Henry Vilas Zoo Seba Short Tailed Bat
About

Seba’s short-tailed bats are one of the world’s 1,200 bat species. These tiny, half-ounce bats are insectivores and frugivores, meaning they eat insects and fruits. They live in colonies of 10 – 100 and are most active after sunset.

Habitat: They are distributed throughout Central and South America and live in moist evergreen forests.

Diet: These bats eat at least 50 species of fruit, pollen, and insects.

Family Life: Seba’s short-tailed bats roost in groups of 10 – 100 in caves, hollow trees, tunnels, and road culverts. There are two types of roosts: harems, which consist of a male with many females, and bachelor roosts, consisting of males without a harem. Females usually give birth to one baby, which clings to the female with its teeth, wings, and claws. Babies reach adult size and can fly on their own in 10 – 13 weeks.

Henry Vilas Zoo Seba Short Tailed Bat
Conservation

The conservation status of the Seba’s short-tailed bat is listed as least concern currently.

Henry Vilas Zoo Least Concern Graphic
Henry Vilas Zoo Seba Short Tailed Bat
Threats
  • Typically found in wildlife protected areas, there are currently no major threats facing this species.
  • Although this species and many others in the Phyllostomidae (leaf-nosed bats) family are not currently facing major threats, their habitats are vulnerable to potential habitat destruction and deforestation.
Henry Vilas Zoo Seba Short Tailed Bat
Fun Facts
  • Flying fruit farmers! These bats disperse seeds from fruits they eat while flying.
  • The Seba’s short-tailed bat has a “nose-leaf”- a structure used to send out and interpret high-frequency sounds. The “nose-leaf” is located on a fleshy plate that surrounds the nasal passages and stands straight up behind the openings.
Henry Vilas Zoo Seba Short Tailed Bat
Quick Facts

CLASS: Mammalia (mammals)
ORDER: Chiroptera (bats)
FAMILY: Phyllostomidae (New World leaf-nosed bats)
GENUS: Carollia (short-tailed bats)
SPECIES: Carollia perspicillata (Seba’s short-tailed bat)
LIFE SPAN: Unknown (wild) / 12.5 years (zoo)
SIZE: 1.9 – 2.75 inches (48 – 70 mm)
WEIGHT: 0.5 – 1 ounce (14 – 28 g)

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